standard-title DIAMONDOXIDE


Chlorine Dioxide ClO2, discovered in 1814 was not successful at all in industrial applications and (drinking & wastage) water treatment despite superior disinfection capabilities. The main reasons of the lack of success were the physicochemical properties of the product.

Chlorine Dioxide had to be produced on the spot, was an unstable and explosive gas and also generated many by products (chlorite, free chlroine etc). As the equipment to generate was expensive to purchase and maintain, it was limited only to few industrial applications.

Diamonoxide is a brand new concept in which, Chlorine Dioxide of 0.35% (3500ppm) is generated in water by the reaction of two stable liquid components. The Chlorine Dioxide produced is practically 100% pure (99.9%).

There are no By-products such as free chlorine and chlorite. Diamond Oxide is not at all corrosive (less than water). Any risk of explosion disappears by the use of inhibitor components .The kinetic halftime at 20° C is between 30 and 45 days, when stored in a dark and dry place. Diamond Oxide has 2.5 times more disinfection capacity than Chlorine. Due to all these advantages Diamond Oxide is now a very useful disinfection product for many (small & big) industrial activities, including the food and beverage industry

Diamond oxide is better than many other products such as Organic biocides (Benzyl ammonium chlorides, bromo-/ nitro propane alcohols or –amides, formalin (formaldehyde), Ozone and Ultra violet light due to its large field of application including food industry and water treatment and because of its constant disinfection capacity.


  • superior disinfection capabilities across pH range 4 to 10
  • practically 100% pure ( 99,9%) chlorine dioxide 0,35%
  • generated in water by the reaction of a stable liquid
  • no taste, no odors (below 0.8ppm)
  • minimizes corrosion to equipment and pipe work
  • breaks down Biofilm (breeding ground for harmful bacteria) and inhibits new film formation
  • Effective against Legionella, Neglaria plus a wide range of bacteria, molds and other microbes.
  • Diamond Oxide is biodegradable


Chlorine dioxide treatement is used widely in oil and gas industry and reduces :

  • Iron Sulfide (FeS) – ClO2 destroys the FeS it contacts. The FeS will not re-precipitate, as it can with conventional acid jobs.
  • Bactericide – ClO2 is a biocide that kills bacteria by destroying the bacteria’s cell walls, leaving the water sterile.
  • Polymers & Residue – ClO2 breaks most frac & polymer flood polymers and reduces or eliminates polymer residue.
  • Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) – ClO2 oxidizes on contact, reducing H2S levels significantly. Since ClO2 destroys bacteria, bacteria-generated H2S can be dramatically reduced. ClO2 is dispersible in oil, water and organic solvents.

It also has some advantages which can overcome many problems:

  • No expensive on-site generation equipment and staff expertise required
  • Does not produce Harmful and cancerous Chlorite and Chlorate by-products.
  • Long shelf life of 3 to 5 years (ingredients).
  • No adverse environmental & health effects.
  • Reduces turbidity by oxidizing bacterial residues.
  • Microorganisms cannot build up resistance against Diamond Oxide


Chlorine dioxide is an oxidant that is preferred by many regulating water utilities and supply authorities for final discharge disinfection.

  • Controls bacteria such as E. coli and other coli forms.
  • Does not accumulate in the environment.
  • Used to reduce the growth of troublesome biofilms, iron bacteria, algae and other organisms known to contribute to wastewater and effluent fouling problems.
  • Also help reducing Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and foul odors in wastewater, without producing chlorinated by-products such as THM and HAA.

Chlorine dioxide is effective against all bio pollutants found in waste water:

  • cyanides in wastewater
  • nitrites and sulfides
  • potential carcinogenic substances such as 3,4-benzopyrene
  • iron and manganese in water
  • tastes and odors produced by algae
  • the dyes produced by chlorophyll, plants and pesticides.
  • Chlorine dioxide is highly effective in controlling waterborne pathogens.
  • Chlorine dioxide is a broad spectrum micro biocide as effective as chlorine against :
    • Viruses
    • bacteria
    • fungi
  • More effective than chlorine for the inactivation of the encysted parasites giardia and cryptosporidium.
  • Chlorine dioxide is also an effective control strategy for taste, odor,color, iron and manganese removal.


Problem Organic Biocide DiomandOxide
Restricted field applications The use of organic biocides is restricted: Cannot be used in food industry. Impossible in drinking water treatment Large field of applications:

  • Disinfection of drinking water, waste water
  • Disinfection of meat and seafood
  • Disinfection of fruits & vegetables etc.
Resistance Yes: whenever same organic biocide used repeatedly

  • Reduction of the disinfection effect
  • increased concentration of biocides has to be used for same effect
  • Possible health hazards due to increase in concentrations
No resistance:
constant disinfection capacity

Problem Ozone DiamondOxide
The disinfectant has to be eliminated after usage Ozone has to be completely eliminated in most cases
Additional activated carbon filters are needed
Elimination of Clo2 is not required:
Clo2 has an excellent repository effect for sustainable disinfection
it escapes and breaks down into harmless chemicals(table salt)
Influence on organic matter in water and pipes Radical influence on organic compounds:
non-biodegradable substances can be transformed into bacteriologically disposable matters(nutrients for bacteria after ozonization)
Reduced biofilm in pipework and prevention of new biofilm:
bacteria, especially legionella are deprived of their nutrients
Installation costs Very high installation costs:
Extensive installation units with cooling unit
Oxygen method: preparation/production of pure oxygen with a downstream activated carbon
High and costly amount of maintenance
Chlorine dioxide has no installation costs:
Simple and safe onsite preparation
absolutely safe and no maintenance costs

Problem Ultraviolet light DiamondOxide
Problems caused by residuals of disinfectants Only local disinfection
Secondary disinfection is required post UV treatment
Sustainable disinfection:
Clo2 has an excellent repository effect for sustainable disinfection
it escapes and breaks down into harmless chemicals(table salt)
Dependency of the disinfection effect In case of non-controlled UV systems disinfection effect depending on the flow parameters:
The intensity of radiation depends on the flow (degree of turbulence) and the water quality (humic substances, general turbidity and turbidity in secondary precipitation -in case of Fe, Mn UV causes oxidation
Sustainable disinfection:
Pathogens are completely killed
Biofilm in the pipe work is eliminated
Maintenance costs Relatively high maintenance costs:
Annual exchange of the UV lamps is necessary
Every three to five years quartz sleeves of the lamps have to be exchanged
Chlorine dioxide has no installation costs:
Simple and safe onsite preparation
Absolutely safe and no maintenance costs